The increasing global movement of people and businesses is driving
the significant growing demand for international tax advice.
The observations come from deVere Tax Consultancy, part of deVere
Group, one of the world’s largest independent financial advisory organisations,
which operates in more than 100 countries.
The world is currently experiencing the highest levels of movement
According to the International Organization of Migration, the
leading inter-governmental agency in the field, approximately 258 million
people – or one in every 30 – were living outside their country of origin in
That is both a record high – and a number that has beaten all
expectations. Indeed, a 2003 projection anticipated that by 2050, there would
be around 230 million based outside their birth nation. But the latest
projection has been dramatically revised upwards – there will be more than 405
million living away from their country of birth by 2050.
James Green, divisional manager at deVere Group, observes: “We’ve
noted a year-on-year increase in international tax advice enquiries of more
than a third.
“This can be attributed, we believe, to three key factors.
“First, is the increasing movement of people. Whether driven by
geopolitical, work or lifestyle reasons, more and more individuals are on the
move around the world.
“In addition – and despite the rhetoric of some populist
politicians – globalisation in the world of trade and commerce is here to stay
and is, if anything, gaining momentum as it encourages economic growth, creates
jobs, makes firms more competitive, and lowers prices for consumers.
“Second, since the global financial crisis both individuals and
companies have become more financially literate and aware of the importance of
specialist financial advice, especially when it comes to cross-border affairs.
“And third, the reporting and tax filing requirements are
increasing in most jurisdictions. For instance – and this is just one
example – in the U.S. where the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or FATCA,
is almost universally recognised as being burdensome, onerous and complex.”
Director of deVere Tax Consultancy, Mitch Young, notes: “The
enquiries are coming from both internationally-mobile individuals and firms who
are seeking advice on compliant and up-to-date tax filing, residency issues,
inheritance tax, self-assessment, property tax structuring and disclosures,
national insurance contributions, trusts and wills.
“Due to this considerable surge in demand for our services we have
recruited more senior tax consultants, account managers and in-house barrister
“We have also launched our first tax apprenticeship scheme to find
and train the top tax talent of the future. In addition, we’re in the
process of building an international tax network to meet the needs and
expectations of our clients.”
James Green concludes: “The demand for international tax advice is
set to grow further still as the world becomes increasingly globalised and as
the cross-border regulatory landscapes continue to evolve – and at a faster
A new China West cross-culture leadership and business
management book entitled ‘Guanxi in the Western Context: Intra-Firm Group
Dynamics and Expatriate Adjustment’ is launching in November, written by Dr
Barbara Wang, a full-time professor at Hult Ashridge Executive Education.
The book launch will take place on Tuesday, 12 November 2019 in the Old Library
at Hult Ashridge Executive Education, Ashridge Berkhamsted, Herts HD4 1NS from
11:00am – 12:00pm.
Guanxi is a form of social
interaction, unique to the Chinese culture, of forging connections, making
contacts and forming warm relationships in business. While research on
guanxi in China has been intense, for the first time this book examines how the
employees of Chinese multinational companies employ guanxi in the West;
how Chinese expatriates develop and use guanxi in the host country, and
how these behaviours affect their adjustment to their environment. Aimed
at business academia and practitioners, this book illuminates how guanxi shapes
social relations in Western branches of these Chinese multinationals,
supporting Western managers who seek a deeper understanding of how their
Chinese counterparts operate, and Chinese managers who want to increase their
awareness of the culture they are immersed in.
Based on Dr Wang’s PHD thesis,
this book is the culmination of five years of study into the globalisation of
Chinese companies in Western markets since 2005, and how senior executives
practise guanxi versus how social network is traditionally practised in Western
Firstly, the book elaborates
on the contextualisation of guanxi to highlight how guanxi emerged, evolved,
and subsequently dominated the business system in China.
Next, it examines empirically
how guanxi practice affects intra-firm multicultural group dynamics involving
Chinese expatriates, host-country nationals, and host-country Chinese in
Chinese multinationals. It shows how expatriates actively practise guanxi
with their homeland counterparts, but not with host-country nationals and host-country
Then, it examines the impact
of guanxi in building Chinese expatriate adjustment to develop a process model
that illuminates that guanxi development alters expatriates’ adjustment curve
Finally, the book develops a
framework of cross-cultural guanxi leadership to lead multicultural teams
effectively in the host county.
Dr Barbara Wang says, “This
book contributes more generally to shed light on cross-cultural management in
terms of Chinese guanxi practice in the Western context. When I started
my study I made assumptions that all Chinese executives practise guanxi.
However, I discovered that Chinese expats don’t practise guanxi with local
Chinese for complex reasons as they don’t believe they can reap the returns
“The other assumption I made
was that local Europeans don’t understand or practise guanxi. However, I
learned that there is a desire to study Chinese culture and Westerners are
motivated to practise guanxi even though it is not inherent to how they
“I recommend that if Chinese
companies want to improve their soft power they should take steps to study
cross-cultural programmes and become ‘glocal’. They should do their
homework and understand and adapt to the local culture and be open to including
everyone in guanxi, which will enhance their global cultural influence.
To sum up, guanxi is the code of China.”
Professor Davide Ravasi,
director of the PhD Programme at UCL School of Management, comments, “From research
in international business we know a lot about Western multinationals, but we
know much less about the up and coming multinationals from China. Yet, many of
these multinationals will likely dominate global markets in the years to come.
Barbara Wang’s work illuminates for the first time how guanxi – a form of
social interaction unique to the Chinese culture – shapes social relations in
Western branches of these multinationals. It is an important reading for both
Western managers who seek a deeper understanding of how their Chinese
counterparts operate, and Chinese managers who want to increase their awareness
of the culture they are immersed in.”
Professor John Yang, co-Dean of BiMBA at the National School of Development, Peking University, adds, “Barbara Wang’s new book on guanxi is full of insights and wisdom critical for both Western and Chinese expatriates as well as Chinese professionals overseas. The book not only contributes to making successful global business deals but also provides better cross-cultural perspectives to develop a healthier China versus world business relationship.”
Dr Barbara Wang
Professor of Cross-cultural Leadership, Hult Ashridge
Dr Barbara Wang is the academic director – China of Hult Ashridge Executive Education and association dean of China initiatives.
Her interests lie in cross-cultural leadership/management, and Chinese leadership and executive coaching. She has extensive experience in management training and consulting and has designed and delivered leadership development programmes and coaching for multinational companies such as ABB, Volvo, Daimler, Continental, Sinopec, China Post, Bank of China and Air China. She also teaches on executive programmes for other British and Chinese universities.
Before her current roles, Barbara was a vice president for the Western Management Institute of Beijing. Her commercial experience extends to working for multinational companies in China where she was the retail operations director for CELINE of the Louis Vuitton group, and the global accounts manager in China for DHL.
Barbara holds a PhD from Cass Business School in the UK, where her research focused on cross-cultural leadership/management of Chinese multinational enterprises in Europe. She has qualified in many leadership psychometric tools.
Barbara’s new book ‘Guanxi in the Western Context: Intra-Firm Group Dynamics and Expatriate Adjustment’ (Palgrave Macmillan) was published in July 2019 in the UK, and she is co-author of Chinese Leadership (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).
For further information, please contact:
Olivia Sandu, James
Walerych, Malika White, Lynda Heath
133 Whitechapel High
Tel: +44 (0)20 3457 0837
Blockchain technology finds its origin in the digital
coin named Bitcoin. It was invented
primarily to sustain it. Although blockchain is tightly associated with Bitcoin
and other cryptocurrencies, these are just the top of the iceberg.
Currently, blockchain technology is being used in other commercial applications, and annual growth of 51% is expected for 2022 in several markets, including financial institutions and Internet of Things (IoT).
What is blockchain
technology, and what makes it secure?
A blockchain is a list of digital records or blocks of
data that are stored in a linear chain that is constantly growing. It´s a kind
of digital general ledger than can be shared with many users and that keeps
record of every transaction. Each block contains encrypted data, for instance
of a Bitcoin transaction, and is linked to the specific user that made it.
There´s no way to alter the data in them since they are time-stamped and
connected to the previous block.
The security of blockchain relies on the fact that it
can be updated only with the agreement of all the participants and the system
The information of the whole chain is kept in each
node, so each participant has an exact copy of the entire chain. If someone
wanted to attack the service, he should overturn or nullify every node in the
net given that just one operative node is enough for all the information to be
As new records are created, these are verified and
validated by the nodes and added to a new block that is linked to the chain.
Once added, this block becomes unalterable. For a transaction to be accepted
and added, some specific digital signatures or requirements must be met. For
example, people that use the crypto-currency Ethereum, must meet several
conditions to demonstrate that they have that crypto-currency and can operate
Why is blockchain useful for?
As it is a peer-to-peer network, where transactions
are time-stamped, and that enables managing all the information exchange among
the users in an autonomous way, without the need for an administrator, it is an
excellent tool for all types of businesses. Any information that needs to be
kept intact and available can be safely stored in a blockchain.
Many industries, such as transport, fintech, and
sanitary services, to mention just a few, are taking advantage of this
technology that streamlines processes, improving productivity.
Challenges organizations or companies could face with blockchain
Thanks to blockchain, the operative models and
business-making models of the companies and organizations could undergo a total
transformation with the adoption of blockchain technology. Many organizations
are using blockchain technology for their transactions. Still, if it were
massively adopted, one of the challenges that governments of extremely
controlled sectors will have to solve is the lack of regulation.
Blockchain is complex, and it takes a longer time to
process any transaction. It can take hours to complete a transaction. And the
more it grows, the slower it gets. This could be an obstacle for specific
Despite the above, the biggest challenge that blockchain technology faces is the reluctance of private and public sectors, along with the skepticism of the potential users who, as with each new technology, need time to learn, get used, and trust.
The company has always exposed to uncertainties that are called business risks. They may affect a firm’s aim to gain its goals. The danger of loss is in the form of machinery breakdown, strikes, change of trends, etc.
Factors Causing Business Risks
Business risks result in less profit or even loss. The
factors that lead to risks can be Internal or External.
Internal Business Risks: risks that arise due to some event happening within a firm are internal risks. However, the firm can control them. Internal risks occur by:
technology, fire, cost-cutting, etc.
External Business Risks: External risks occur by any event happening outside the firm. However, the firm’s management cannot control them. The factors that lead to external risks are:
price pressure, riots, etc.
Types of Business Risks
Risks have divided into five kinds:
Strategic Risk: The risks associated with business operations are strategic risks. They arise when the business plans fail. Poor business decisions lead to failure, e.g., marketing risk, project risk, competitive risk, etc.
Financial Risks: These risks related to business events and finance. It adds to shareholders by debt financing, along with equity.
For example, there can be losses by movement in stock
prices, interest rates, etc.
Operational Risks: These risks linked with official procedures of a business. There is a failure to connect to internal policies.
For example, some events like frauds, computer hacking,
etc. affect a company’s daily activities
Compliance Risks: Such risks occur by state rules and commands. When the company fails to follow laws, it has to face legal penalties. These risks ensure that the firm runs justly.
For example, corrupt practices, social responsibility, etc.
Reputation Risks: The negative publicity of a firm/product leads to this risk. There is a chance that a company’s name can damage.
For example, a mobile company issues a phone that breaks
easily. But then it markets a new and better model.
Ways to Manage Business Risks
You can plan to manage the exposure of risks.
Mitigate the risk: You need to keep a contingency plan. In case if the risk materializes, you must have a second plan to follow.
Avoid the risk: It’s better to avoid than to bear a loss. Sometimes the launch of a product leads to affect the company financially. You can postpone it until your company stabilizes.
Transfer the risk: You can pass financial risks to someone else. For instance, fire insurance is the best example of it.
Accept the risk: If the risks are likely to happen, you can opt for small damage. So, examine the other option and make the right decision to accept the risk.
Business risks lead to uncertainties, but a good businessman takes them as a challenge. Risks lead to new clients and more sales. You can, however, manage to minimize the worst to happen.
pound and UK financial assets will be volatile in the run-up to Britain’s first
December general election since 1923 – and will remain so in the event of
another hung parliament.
is the warning from Nigel Green, CEO and founder of deVere Group, one of the
world’s largest independent financial advisory organisations, as Labour
announces it is now backing the government’s bill for a December election,
regardless of the date.
Green comments: “This is a critical stage in the slow-moving, damaging,
torturous Brexit saga.
the pound and UK financial assets to be increasingly volatile in the run-up to
the general election, given the wide-ranging set of outcomes.
most detrimental of these outcomes for sterling, UK financial assets and the
wider British economy, include another hung parliament or a victory for
Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour party.”
continues: “Boris Johnson’s intention to secure a majority within the House of
Commons is by no means guaranteed.
Brexit Party will use the fact that Mr Johnson did not deliver Brexit by
October 31 – something on which he staked his whole premiership.
Remain vote could also be split between Labour, the Lib Dems, the Greens and
fragmentation on this scale has never happened before in the UK.
a hung parliament looks like an alarming possibility, meaning there could be no
majority to quickly and smoothly resolve the Brexit chaos.
grinding deadlock continue, the UK economy would still
haemorrhage investment and confidence. The fallout of Brexit has cost the
UK three and a half years of lost opportunity and many, many tens of billions
of pounds. This would only intensify with another hung parliament.”
adds: “Meanwhile Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour party will campaign on the most
radical, left-wing manifesto in more than a generation.
he win this election, his anti free-market policies – such as the
re-nationalisation of industries from utilities to railways to postal services,
and the forcing of companies to give 10% of their shares to staff – plus
his high-tax policies, including a possible wealth tax, will spook the financial
markets, hit long-term sustainable growth of the British economy, put more
pressure on UK financial assets, and lead to a significant sell-off of the
Mr Green concludes: “The general election is set to be the most contentious and uncertain in generations. Investors now need to protect and build their wealth and assets by ensuring they are properly diversified across asset classes, sectors, currencies and regions.”
deVere Group is one of the world’s largest independent advisors of specialist global financial solutions to international, local mass affluent, and high-net-worth clients. It has a network of more than 70 offices across the world, over 80,000 clients and $12bn under advisement
Although the sales process is an integral
part of any business, it is no secret that it is complicated. It needs
insistence, a plan, and consent of human psychology and it often changes as
your business grows. But it can be tough to find out how to enhance your sales,
except to make more calls or find more potential clients. We spoke with sales
experts to get the best tips on how to improve the sales process.
Tips on how to improve sales – for the sales team
Slice down your sale goals
Viewing your annual or monthly sales goals
can be devastating. Break large targets into flexible pieces. E.g., you might
decide to perform specific tasks every day: find two new business prospects,
make five phone calls, and make one new meeting. Design a search plan that
defines how you will make new leads.
Inverse the sales funnel
It makes sense to follow a regular sales
funnel as part of your sales strategy. If you find that nothing is shaking, try
working opposed. Rather than focusing on your income goal, focus on client
service. Talk to your clients and find out what they need from you. Develop a sales plan by cutting each step into feasible
Use emotional aptitude to make client
Selling is both knowing who you are selling
to and selling a product. The bond you build with your clients can be a
critical factor in deciding if you are selling or not. Emotional aptitude is
informing of its own and emotions of other people.
Tips on how to improve
sales – for sales manager
Improve sales strategies
A good sales plan outlines how you will
bring new clients. And also how you will create or expand links with potential
clients. Besides, how you will continue to sell your product or service to
When making your strategy, you should:
Define your target audience and create your ideal customer profile
When you create your first sales strategy,
you can also create a plan listing what to do in the event of an error.
Examples of these cases are a loss of a notable sales agent or a mismatch of
your sales target. Your skilled plan should indicate who will be told of the
problem and how. Also, consider the steps you and your team can take to fix the
issue. In some cases, avoid repeating these errors in the future.
Manage your sales team effectively
Your sales strategy is as good as your team. So, you should develop motivated and well-trained sales agents. The best way to do this is to learn about the people in the group. As a manager, you must know what drives them as an individual.
During the sales training, be honest with your reps regarding goals, notices, and ways to assess their efficacy. A manager should plan meetings (monthly) with each seller to find out what they need and where they struggle.
The most awaited international business conference is coming. Join InvestPro UAE Dubai 2019 Conference and Workshop, which is held on November 13-14 at the Oberoi Dubai hotel.
InvestPro UAE Dubai 2019 is the largest and most significant conference on investment migration, wealth management and asset protection in the Middle East, which will gather over 300 attendees, a multitude of industry leaders, financial advisors and international service providers who will share first-hand information on the latest developments in residence and citizenship planning, taxation, investment opportunities.
InvestPro conference program:
in technology companies, Awad Capital (UAE)
Immigration by investment to USA (EB5), Mona Shah
& Associate (USA)
insurance solutions and tailored risk management programs for
Ultra-High-Net-Worth families, Sophos Advisors (USA)
UK Immigration Options vs. Global Alternatives: Case Studies, Beyond Residence &Citizenship (UK)
Navigating Market Risk with Alternative Assets, MMG
Finance LLC (Panama)
The Caribbean is Dead: The U.S. is the Future for
International Banking, Stern International Bank (USA)
as international economic center, MCIT (Cyprus)
Obtaining a higher education degree in Cyprus as a way
to integrate into economic, social and political systems worldwide, Aurora
New opportunities in Georgia: Simple
registration/Operations. Easy banking. Low taxes, Hualing Kutaisi Free
Industrial Zone (Georgia)
Business in Russia: Create opportunities and Navigate
business risks, Interfax (Russia)
Substance and the Migration of Companies to Dubai, Swiss
ILC Management Services (UAE)
see the final conference program by the link.
Why attend InvestPro?
25+ Speakers – CEOs and Owners of leading companies of
More than 16 hours of practical material and insider
More than 26 workshop tables and opportunity to
300+ potential customers, clients, and new partners
for 2 days networking in the heart of Dubai;
Representatives of more than 30 countries: Europe, CIS
and Baltic region, Asia, the United States, and Canada;
Business networking with your clients and partners
during the cocktails at the end of each day, coffee breaks and lunches;
The luxurious venue, perfect conference organization
and the highest professional level of participants.
Companies from UAE: the participation for 1 Top
Manager from the company is complimentary until 01.11.19 with your unique promo code CFIco.
The cost for
delegates from other countries, as well as companies that are located in UAE
and engaged in consulting in the field of investment abroad, the purchase of
real estate abroad, asset management, opening an account in a foreign bank, registration
of a company abroad – EUR 300.
The future of the IoT or Internet of Things extends to change as state of affairs change. All progress of today connects to IoT. The IoT is here, and it is making steady progress in many industries. We can expect more than 75 billion devices connected over the Internet of Things by 2025. It takes some aim to get into the IoT, but taking some expert advice will boost your business. When you are ready, be adapted to make the next moves with technology.
Future of IoT is an opportunity for a business IoT tactics usually base on a small local axis and cloud-based access to knowing the benefits. They range from primary use cases, e.g., machine learning and artificial intelligence. Some of the aids of the IoT need a transition to a partial cloud. For this, you will have to plan for that as well.
Real IoT: It exists – there are a lot of chances and data for those concerned.
Viable IoT: The actual cases of the company make it more realistic.
Design reason can help ease the start-up process.
Lastly, it comes to taking useful tips on how to reach this.
IoT merger with blockchain and AI
IoT is not the expertise of change meant to be alone at the same time. It is in its place, arising among emerging techs and IoT. Cloud, blockchain and applied science are the keys to causing market value and growing finance. We defeat the main hurdles, such as data analytics issues, bandwidth, and costs. Yet, we are entering to see early waves where firms can charge higher than expenses in IoT.
IoT and machine learning groups give the mind that
allows them to apply IoT business tools to the info they offer. Rather than
refer to data producers. Small computing lets it scale by ranging the cloud
function to the edge. It helps fix cost, bandwidth, and safety issues. IoT will
base on endless growth, integration, and the growth of these new techs.
It is to gain the desired results at the industry
level. Fog Computers, AI solutions, and IoT have the potency to exceed their planned
business. It is why a future-thinking company met on integrating them.
Based on clients and form, IoT can be set into three parts
for the user adds connected devices such as smart laptops, watches, phones,
cars. Moreover, count fun systems and other related devices.
adds things like medical devices, asset control, and tracking devices.
covers things like related flow meters, water waste systems, drains screens,
and electric meters. It also adds building a robot and other related smart
systems and tools.
The future of IoT is vast. Rising network agility, unified AI, and the ability to deploy on a full scale will revive the growth of the Business Internet. It is not only to put billions of devices together but also to take the aid of a large amount of valuable data.
Car manufacture on the continent riddled with looming trade war seems headed for a dead-end.
Remember the good old days when the biggest challenges the European car industry faced were the oil crisis, the rise of Japanese carmakers, and disgruntled unions? Today, the car industry is fighting for its very survival as the mobility sector is transformed by new technologies.
One can forgive European carmakers for being a bit distracted by shorter-term concerns like the threat of US tariffs, slumping Chinese demand, and stricter emission standards.
Europe and its car industry are already dealing with US steel and aluminium tariffs imposed in 2018 as part of the trade war. In May 2019, the US Department of Commerce announced that foreign cars and car parts were a threat to US national security. Tariffs of up to 25 percent could be imposed, with a decision to be made within 180 days of the announcement. Negotiations behind closed doors must be frantic. EU governments are sit-ting down to agree on a unified, post-European elections approach. German car executives have already been to the US to try to reason with President Donald Trump.
Escalating trade war that involves vehicle companies
An escalating trade war would be disastrous not just because of the direct impact on demand, but also because the European car industry is a global supply chain. Cars and parts are made around the world and assembled in various countries. Tariffs will drive up costs, and may cause carmakers to relocate their production centres.
Brexit is a similar problem but on a smaller scale — and with less certainty. Already several carmakers have closed or reduced production in Britain. Honda is closing its Swindon plant, Nissan is moving some future production back to Japan, and even Dyson has moved its electric car subsidiary to Singapore.
European car makers are also reeling from a slump in car sales in China, recording 11 months of de-creasing sales by this May. Many carmakers are desperate for an improvement in the second half of the year, but there is little optimism for a quick turnaround. China became the biggest car market in 2010, and in 2017 had 35 percent of the passenger car market; the EU was the next-biggest at 21 percent, with the US following at nine percent. The slump is a major cause for concern.
To take advantage of the growing market and to meet Chinese government requirements, many Europe-an carmakers have set-up production in China, mostly with joint ventures. Volkswagen produces close to 40 percent of its total production in China, Peugeot (PSA) close to 20 percent.
European carmakers have bet big on China trying to navigate the trade war — and now they are facing the costly prospect of stricter emission regulations as well. In the wake of the 2015 “Dieselgate” scandal, European policymakers are determined to cut emissions from motor vehicles. They are proposing a 15 percent cut in average CO2 emissions for cars produced in Europe by 2025, and 35 percent by 2030. Many cities have announced future bans and restrictions on diesel vehicles, including Paris, Hamburg, Berlin, and London. This is forcing a costly transition on European carmakers — but in forcing them from diesel to electric, it may be a strategic blessing in disguise.
All these pressing concerns represent serious challenges, but European carmakers must also look ahead to other existential challenges.
Vehicle companies in 2030
By 2030, 30 percent of a car’s value will be in its software, but Europe is lacking the relevant expertise. The biggest software advances are being made in Autonomous Vehicles (AV), followed by increased connectivity. Self-driving cars will communicate with others to manage traffic, while passengers benefit from a range of new services and entertainment. High-end cars already have around four times more lines of code than a F-35 fighter jet — twice that of the CERN Large Hadron Collider.
The leaders in AV are US tech firms, notably Google and Apple, as well as Tesla and the Chinese firm Baidu. European carmakers are behind the pack, but attempting to catch-up through acquisitions and strategic alliances. Ford and Volkswagen have made an agreement to share AV technology; Fiat-Chrysler have aligned themselves to Google; Audi, BMW and Daimler (Mercedes-Benz) have bought a digital mapping company. Daimler has also been working with Uber; BMW with Intel and Israeli firm Mobileye, and Renault-Nissan has partnered with Microsoft.
Technology is changing how cars are used and could impact the trade war. Ridesharing will challenge the concept of the private car — and Europe is trailing here also. In 2017 it was estimated that 338 million people used ridesharing ser-vices like Uber, Lyft and China’s Didi Chuxin. That growth could become exponential when companies introduce AVs dedicated to ridesharing. By 2030 it is estimated that one in 10 cars will be shared. Euro-pean carmakers are scrambling to join forces with former competitors and ridesharing platforms to make up for lost ground: BMW and Daimler have merged their ride-sharing divisions, and Volvo is working with Uber.
Trade war: electrification
Another big technological disruptor to European carmakers is electrification. Electric cars are not new, but recent improvements in batteries, drivetrains and public charging infrastructure have started to make electric cars a viable alternative. China is the leader here, with 400 electric car options on the market; in Europe there are six. The biggest electric carmaker in the world is China’s BYD. China, Japan, and South Korea are leaders in battery production. Tesla has a Gigafactory in Nevada, and one under construction near Shanghai.
Europe is currently at the mercy of Asian suppliers. Volkswagen and BMW have announced plans to produce their own batteries, in co-operation with Goldman Sachs, Ikea, and a small Swedish battery pro-ducer Northvolt — but the first examples will not be ready until 2022.
The transition to electric cars will also have an impact on the workforce. Electric cars are less complicat-ed, requiring fewer workers. A typical electric engine has just 200 components; a diesel engine has 1400. By 2030, as a result, it is estimated that 300,000 manufacturing jobs will be lost in Europe. More will be lost indirectly. The industry currently employs 13.3 million people, 3.4 million of them in manufacturing.
European carmakers are feeling the pressure. The CEO of Volkswagen, Herbert Diess, recently said that the European car industry could mirror the demise of that in Detroit. That seems an extreme scenario, as European carmakers are now making swift, bold decisions. The industry has a long history, and is de-termined to have a bright future.