A Quick Guide to Hedge Funds

hedge funds

According to Preqin, hedge fund assets have reached over $4 trillion by the end of March 2021. These are investment vehicles that pool together money from different investors. Unfortunately, many people don’t understand how these funds work.

This leads to careless decisions that can result in financial ruin. If used the right way can generate higher returns than traditional investments.

For more insights on what hedge funds can do for you, continue reading to learn more.

What Are Hedge Funds?

A hedge fund combines money on behalf of certified clients. This helps maximise profits and reduce risk. To do this, hedge fund managers often use aggressive trading tactics to place wages.

This helps generate profits in both rising and declining stock market environments. These funds often have higher minimums and management costs than other investments.

Benefits of Hedge Funds

Hedge funds can reduce their exposure to broader market moves by 50 per cent. That is why any market change doesn’t phase them.

Yet, they are still known for being high-risk investment options.

The positive side is that these funds have many benefits, such as: 

High-Visibility Portfolio

Hedge funds can enhance your portfolio by investing your wealth in lucrative assets. Their high-profile portfolio reflects an individual’s investment prospects and choices. It also reveals the derivatives, equities, real estate, and much more.

Adds Flavor to Your Portfolio

Mutual funds engage in cautious and conventional investment strategies. Hedge funds aim to explore the financial world by investing large cash in unique assets. Hedge fund managers can help diversify and invest your funds in the optimal asset.

Unaffected by Market Volatility

Hedge funds rely less on fixed income markets and more on profit-generating assets. That means market swings don’t affect them as much as traditional investment options. Thus, their capitals are less susceptible to volatility.

What Are the Risks of Hedge Funds?

If you’re thinking about investing in hedge funds, you should be aware of the risks.

Here are some key problems to consider:

High Pricing Structure

Hedge funds charge both a management and a performance fee. The average yearly management charge is between 1 and 2 per cent.

Most funds levy performance fees ranging from 15 to 20 per cent of the fund’s annual earnings. The stronger the fund’s performance, the bigger the investor’s cost ratio.

Insufficient liquidity

In some instances, hedge funds use lockups, withdrawal gates, and side pockets. This is to limit or ban investors from withdrawing capital.

This occurs if there is a discrepancy between the liquidity supplied to customers. It also takes into account the liquidity of a portfolio’s underlying assets.

Complicated Tax Filing

A taxable account may be liable to short-term or long-term capital gains taxes. Hedge fund investors get a Form K-1 with tax reporting information every year.

These documents are often unavailable before the April 15 reporting date. This will require investors to get an extension.

What Is a Hedge Fund Manager?

These managers make daily investment choices for the investors. They decide how to distribute funds and control their risks. They get a performance fee of up to 20% of the fund’s revenues if it’s profitable.

Before hiring one, ask for the Form ADV. This provides access to their disciplinary history, fees, and investing strategy. You can find this form in the Investment Adviser Public Disclosure database.

Choosing From Several Hedge Fund Strategies

Search for hedge funds with a proven track record. Check out their performance and risk management. See if it meets your individual investing goals; you can also check out these strategies for help:

Equities Hedging

You can buy inexpensive equities (long positions) and sell overpriced companies (short positions). These funds can reduce volatility to their benchmark index by hedging their holdings. It can also minimise the risk to major stock market indexes, like S&P 500.

Short or Long Credit

The majority of the return comes from coupon payments provided by the bonds. The rest originates from capital appreciation (long positions) or depreciation (short positions). This results from the changes in the credit quality of the bonds.

These funds invest in different grades, maturities, and forms of collateralisation. It can also incorporate all levels of a company’s capital structure. This is to support its operations and expansion.


Hedge funds can take positions based on an event to enhance a firm’s stock or bond price. These may include the following:

  • Merging of two firms
  • Separation of a subsidiary unit
  • Restructuring of a company’s capital structure

The goal is to improve its financial position. The occurrence, referred to as a “unique scenario,” is crucial in deciding the stock or bond’s value.

Relative Value

This technique seeks to capitalise on price disparities across connected financial products. They have less exposure to the equity and bond markets than equity hedges. These funds concentrate on distressed debt, sovereign bonds, high yield, and investment-grade bonds.

Global Macro

Funds with the widest investments can opt for all asset classes and markets. Managers check the global economic environment.

They strive to reap benefits from the macroeconomic and geopolitical imbalances or dislocations. During market volatility, these funds can deliver an excellent ROI.

Trading Future and Forward Contract

The purpose of these contracts is to generate a return without using the stock and bond markets. Rather than depending on the fund manager, you will use computer-based algorithms. The algorithms seek to discover market trends for each commodity.

It takes positions depending on the anticipated direction of commodity prices. Managed futures are among the most liquid of all available hedge funds to investors.

Hedge Fund Fees and Minimums

Initial investment minimums for hedge funds vary between $100,000 and $2 million. It may only permit withdrawals after a specific time of the year.

It charges an asset management fee of 1 to 2 per cent of the amount invested. It also sets a performance fee of 20 per cent of the fund’s profit. These expenses might reduce your total return.


Insights on Investing in Hedge Funds

So there you have it, fantastic information about hedge funds, their benefits, and risks. If you invest wisely, it could be a great way to generate passive income. Reckless investments can destroy your financial future.

Remember, these investments are not affected by the market’s volatility. Plus, it helps diversify and add transparency to your portfolio. If you want to reap the benefits, contact us for more information about hedge funds.